A crise da democracia europeia

Grande texto de Amartya Sem no New York Times.

«If proof were needed of the maxim that the road to hell is paved with good intentions, the economic crisis in Europe provides it. The worthy but narrow intentions of the European Union’s policy makers have been inadequate for a sound European economy and have produced instead a world of misery, chaos and confusion. (…) 

An intention that is fine on its own can conflict with a more urgent priority — in this case, the preservation of a democratic Europe that is concerned about societal well-being. (…) 

There is, in fact, plenty of historical evidence that the most effective way to cut deficits is to combine deficit reduction with rapid economic growth, which generates more revenue. The huge deficits after World War II largely disappeared with fast economic growth, and something similar happened during Bill Clinton’s presidency. (…) European countries today are being asked to cut their deficits while remaining trapped in zero or negative economic growth. (…) 

Perhaps the most troubling aspect of Europe’s current malaise is the replacement of democratic commitments by financial dictates (…) 

Europe cannot revive itself without addressing two areas of political legitimacy. First, Europe cannot hand itself over to the unilateral views — or good intentions — of experts without public reasoning and informed consent of its citizens. Given the transparent disdain for the public, it is no surprise that in election after election the public has shown its dissatisfaction by voting out incumbents. 

Second, both democracy and the chance of creating good policy are undermined when ineffective and blatantly unjust policies are dictated by leaders. The obvious failure of the austerity mandates imposed so far has undermined not only public participation — a value in itself — but also the possibility of arriving at a sensible, and sensibly timed, solution. 
This is a surely a far cry from the “united democratic Europe” that the pioneers of European unity sought.» 

Na íntegra aqui.


Fada do bosque disse...

Deixo aqui o doc. Catastróica se ainda não viu: